Mobility enhancement and yellow luminescence in Si-doped GaN grown by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition technique

In Hwan Lee, In Hoon Choi, Cheul Ro Lee, Sung Jin Son, Jae Young Leem, Sam Kyu Noh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


We have studied the Si-doping characteristics in GaN on (0 0·1) sapphire substrates. The films were grown by horizontal metalorganic chemical vapor deposition technique at 100 Torr. Prior to Si-doping, achievement of optimum growth conditions was preceded in order to insure doping controllability. For undoped film, background carrier concentration was as low as 4 x 1017 cm-3. 10 K-photoluminescence (PL) in undoped film was dominated by the luminescence from two sharp free-excitons and one bound-exciton. n-Type doping with SiH4 was carried out and electron concentration of up to 2 x 1019 cm-3 was achieved. As the electron concentration increased, the activation efficiency of Si donor also increased. In spite of the increased carrier concentration, Hall mobility in the doped films was increased by a factor of up to two (220 cm2/V s) compared to the undoped films. The mobility behavior is attributed to a transport mechanism involving defect band conduction and does not correlate with the line width of the X-ray rocking curve. In addition, as the doping concentration increased, yellow luminescence occurring at around 2.2 eV gradually dominated PL spectra at 10 K and room temperature. Our PL study suggests that gallium vacancy is responsible for the yellow luminescence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)314-320
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Crystal Growth
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Dec

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy, Korea, and Korea Science and Engineering Foundation (KOSEF) through the Semiconductor Physics Research Center (SPRC).


  • Gallium nitride
  • Hall mobility
  • Si-doping
  • Yellow luminescence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


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