Modeling denomination structures

Manjong Lee, Neil Wallace, Tao Zhu

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


Previous work on the denomination structure of currency treats as exogenous the distribution of transactions and the denominations held by people. Here, by way of a matching model, both are endogenous. In the model, trades in pairwise meetings alternate in time with the opportunity to freely choose a portfolio of denominations and there is a trade-off between the benefits of small-denomination money for transacting and the costliness of carrying a large quantity of small-denomination money. For a given denomination structure, a monetary steady state is shown to exist. The model implies that too small denominations are abandoned.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)949-960
Number of pages12
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2005 May


  • Currency
  • Denominations
  • Matching model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics


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