Modeling of Droplet Impact onto Polarized and Nonpolarized Dielectric Surfaces

Vitaliy Yurkiv, Alexander Yarin, Farzad Mashayek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


This paper is concerned with simulation of the droplet impact on a dielectric surface, referred to as the dynamic electrowetting-on-dielectric (DEWOD). In particular, we seek to shed more light on the fundamental processes occurring during the impact of an electrically conducting droplet onto a dielectric surface with and without an applied voltage. The liquid in the droplet is an ionic conductor (a leaky dielectric). This work employs an approach based on Cahn-Hilliard-Navier-Stokes (CHNS) modeling. The simulations are validated by predicting the equilibrium contact angle, droplet oscillations, and charge density estimation. Then, four cases of droplet impact are studied, namely, the impact onto a surface with no voltage applied and the impacts onto the surfaces with 2, 4, and 6 kV applied. The modeling results of water droplet impact allow for direct comparison with the experimental results reported by Lee et al. [Langmuir 2013, 29, 7758]. The results reveal the electric field, the body forces acting on the droplet, the velocity and pressure fields inside and outside the droplet, as well as the free charge density and the electric energy density. The model predicts the droplet shape evolution (e.g., the spreading distance over the surface and the rebound height) under different conditions that are consistent with the experimental observations. Thus, our findings provide new qualitative and quantitative insights into the droplet manipulation that can be used in novel applications of the DEWOD phenomenon.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10169-10180
Number of pages12
Issue number34
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Aug 28
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry


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