The anodes of membrane-electrode assemblies (MEAs) have been treated with an argon ion-beam under vacuum to etch out a part of the ionomer present in the catalyst layers. The ion beam treatment alters the surface morphology of the catalyst layer by promoting the pore size and overall porosity, which reduces the mass transport resistance of the reactants and the products through the catalyst layers. As confirmed, the electrochemical surface areas of the electrodes are not affected by the treatment, and the ion-beam-treated MEAs exhibit improved performance toward direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs). Physical and electrochemical analyses have been carried out to characterize the modified electrodes in greater detail.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by a Korea CCS R&D Center (KCRC) grant funded by the Korea government (Ministry of Education, Science and Technology) (No. 2012-0008931 ) and also by the Korea Institute of Science and Technology under grant number ( KIST-2E22842 ).
- Direct methanol fuel cell
- Electrode porosity
- Electrode structure
- Ion-beam treatment
- Membrane-electrode assembly
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering