Monitoring of selected veterinary antibiotics in environmental compartments near a composting facility in Gangwon Province, Korea

Yong Sik Ok, Sung Chul Kim, Kwon Rae Kim, Sang Soo Lee, Deok Hyun Moon, Kyoung Jae Lim, Jwa Kyung Sung, Seung Oh Hur, Jae E. Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

69 Citations (Scopus)


Many studies have been recently reported that veterinary antibiotics released into the environment have a detrimental effect on humans such as the occurrence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. However, only limited information is available regarding to the release of antibiotics in environmental compartments in Korea. Objectives of this study were to evaluate the concentrations of antibiotics in water, sediment, and soil adjacent to a composting facility in Korea and to determine the dilution effects of antibiotics when released into the environment. Seven antibiotics of chlortetracycline, oxytetracycline, tetracycline, sulfamethazine, sulfamethoxazole, sulfathiazole, and tylosin were evaluated by high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry following pretreatment using solid-phase extraction to clean the samples. Results showed that the highest concentration of each antibiotic in both aqueous and solid samples was detected from a site adjacent to the composting facility. We also found that the studied water, sediment, and soil samples are contaminated by veterinary antibiotics throughout comparison with studies from other countries. However, relatively lower concentrations of each antibiotic were observed from the rice paddy soil located at the bottom of the water stream. Further research is necessary to continuously monitor the antibiotics release into ecosystems, thereby developing an environmental risk assessment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)693-701
Number of pages9
JournalEnvironmental Monitoring and Assessment
Issue number1-4
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Mar
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgements This study was supported by the “Cooperative Research Program for Agricultural Science and Technology Development” (project no. 200712104), RDA of Korea. Soil sample analysis was supported by a grant from the Research Institute of Agricultural Sciences and the Central Laboratory of Kangwon National University, Korea.


  • Sediment
  • Soil
  • Solid-phase extraction
  • Veterinary antibiotics
  • Water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Environmental Science
  • Pollution
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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