Morphological change and photocatalytic activity of titanium phosphates

Youngyong Kim, Hee Chan Kim, Jaesang Lee, Sang Hyup Lee, Ki Young Kwon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


Titanium phosphates with wide range of phosphate content (phosphate/Ti = 0 ∼ 2) are prepared by one step hydrothermal method, and their photocatalytic property are valuated based on the rate of oxidative degradation of organic pollutants (4-chlorophenol, trichlorophenol and bisphenol A). The crystal phase, optical property, and morphology of samples are investigated by XRD, diffuse reflectance Uv–vis spectroscopy and SEM/TEM. We find that TiP_0.2 Exhibits 100 ∼ 500 nm elliptical spherical structure which is composed of individual anatase phase of TiO2. As the content of phosphate increases, rice grain-shaped TiO2 with anatase phase is change into jagged intertwined crystals with layered structure, followed by fibrous structure (TiP_2). The Uv–vis absorbance spectra of TiPs shift to shorter wavelength as the phosphate content increases. Therefore, the photocatalytic activity of TiPs has tendency to decrease, as the phosphate content increases. However, TiP_0.2 exhibits better photocatalytic property than pure TiO2 for the photo-degradation of organic pollutants. We attribute this enhanced photocatalytic property of TiP_0.2 to the larger surface area and smaller crystallite of TiP_0.2 which originates from the incorporation of phosphate in TiO2 acting as a crystal growth inhibitor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)146-151
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Apr 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier B.V.


  • Organic pollutant
  • Photocatalyst
  • Photodegradation
  • Titanium dioxide
  • Titanium phosphate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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