Morphological evolution of PbTiO3 microstructures synthesized by topochemical microcrystal conversion

Yonghyeon Na, Jayoon Kwon, Sahn Nahm, Young Hun Jeong

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2 Citations (Scopus)


PbTiO3 (PT) microstructures were fabricated by topochemical microcrystal conversion (TMC) and their morphological evolution was investigated with variation of synthesis temperature and relative molar ratio of reactants. Using molten salt synthesis, Aurivillius phase of PbBi4Ti4O15 (PBiT) synthesized at 1050°C was prepared as precursor. Large plate-like PT microstructures with lengths of hundreds of micrometer were optimally obtained when the relative ratio (x) of (PbCO3)2·Pb(OH)2 to PBiT in reactants was 6. In addition, relatively homogeneous PT platelets were achieved at the annealing temperature of 1050°C by TMC; these materials are probably suitable for use in templated grain growth. However, a Pb-deficient secondary phase of PbTi3O7 formed in cases of low x values of less than 4 and low annealing temperatures of less than 1050°C. The porous PT pellets, orthogonally assembled by numerous PT platelets, were achieved by increasing temperature to 1100°C. Further increase in temperature to 1150°C could lead to partial formation of denser PT blocks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4751-4762
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jul

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research has been supported by the National R&D Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF), funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT (2020M3H4A3105597).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The American Ceramic Society.


  • lead titanate
  • microstructure
  • piezoelectric materials/properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry


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