Multifunctionality of Additively Manufactured Kelvin Foam for Electromagnetic Wave Absorption and Load Bearing

Jeongwoo Lee, Dahyun Daniel Lim, Jinwoo Park, Jaemin Lee, Dowon Noh, Grace X. Gu, Wonjoon Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Rationally engineered porous structures enable lightweight broadband electromagnetic (EM) wave absorbers for countering radar signals or mitigating EM interference between multiple components. However, the scalability of such structures has been hindered by their limited mechanical properties resulting from low density. Herein, an additively manufactured Kelvin foam-based EM wave absorber (KF-EMA) is reported that exhibits multifunctionality, namely EM wave absorption and light-weighted load-bearing structures with constant relative stiffness made possible using bending-dominated lattice structures. Based on tuning design parameters, such as the backbone structures and constituent materials, the proposed KF-EMA features a multilayered 3D-printed design with geometrically optimized KF structures made of carbon black-based backbone composites. The developed KF-EMA demonstrated an absorbance greater than 90% at frequencies ranging from 5.8 to 18 GHz (average EM wave absorption rates of 95.89% and maximum of 99.1% at 15.8 GHz), while the low-density structures of the absorber (≈200 kg m−3) still maintained a compression index between the stiffness and relative density (n = 2) under compression. The design strategy paves the way for using metamaterials as mechanically reinforced EM wave absorbers that enable multifunctionality by optimizing unit-cell parameters through a single and low-density structure.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2305005
Issue number50
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Dec 13

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Wiley-VCH GmbH.


  • 3D printing
  • Kelvin foam unit-cell structures
  • bending-dominated
  • broadband absorber
  • low-density materials
  • mechanical metamaterials
  • radar-absorbing structures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • General Chemistry
  • Biomaterials
  • General Materials Science
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)


Dive into the research topics of 'Multifunctionality of Additively Manufactured Kelvin Foam for Electromagnetic Wave Absorption and Load Bearing'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this