Multiplex diagnosis of viral infectious diseases (AIDS, hepatitis C, and hepatitis A) based on point of care lateral flow assay using engineered proteinticles

Jong Hwan Lee, Hyuk Seong Seo, Jung Hyuk Kwon, Hee Tae Kim, Koo Chul Kwon, Sang Jun Sim, Young Joo Cha, Jeewon Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Citations (Scopus)


Lateral flow assay (LFA) is an attractive method for rapid, simple, and cost-effective point of care diagnosis. For LFA-based multiplex diagnosis of three viral intractable diseases (acquired immune deficiency syndrome and hepatitis C and A), here we developed proteinticle-based 7 different 3D probes that display different viral antigens on their surface, which were synthesized in Escherichia coli by self-assembly of human ferritin heavy chain that was already engineered by genetically linking viral antigens to its C-terminus. Each of the three test lines on LFA strip contains the proteinticle probes to detect disease-specific anti-viral antibodies. Compared to peptide probes, the proteinticle probes were evidently more sensitive, and the proteinticle probe-based LFA successfully diagnosed all the 20 patient sera per each disease without a false negative signal, whereas the diagnostic sensitivities in the peptide probe-based LFAs were 65-90%. Duplex and triplex assays performed with randomly mixed patient sera gave only true positive signals for all the 20 serum mixtures without any false positive signals, indicating 100% sensitivity and 100% specificity. It seems that on the proteinticle surface the antigenic peptides have homogeneous orientation and conformation without inter-peptide clustering and hence lead to the enhanced diagnostic performance with solving the problems of traditional diagnostic probes. Although the multiplex diagnosis of three viral diseases above was demonstrated as proof-of-concept here, the proposed LFA system can be applied to multiplex point of care diagnosis of other intractable diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-225
Number of pages13
JournalBiosensors and Bioelectronics
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jul 5

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was supported by the 2012 NLRL (National Leading Research Lab.) project (Grant no. 2012R1A2A1A01008085 ) (the main project that supported this work), the Basic Science Research Program (ERC program, Grant no. 2010-0027955 ), and the 2013 NLRL project (Grant no. 2013R1A2A1A01015644 ) of the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) .

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Elsevier B.V.


  • Infectious diseases
  • Lateral flow assay
  • Multiplex diagnosis
  • Proteinticles
  • Surface engineering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biophysics
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Electrochemistry


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