Multiplex genotyping of SNPs in genomic DNA via hydrogel-based assay mediated with MutS and polyethylene glycol

Seok Joon Mun, Wookyoung Jang, Hyun Seung Park, Yong Jun Lim, Tae Jin Yang, Ki Wan Bong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The simultaneous genotyping of multiple single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in genomic DNA derived from organisms holds significant potential for applications such as precision medicine and food product authentication. However, conventional assay technologies including qPCR-based techniques, microarrays, and hydrogel-based assays face limitations in efficient multiplexing of SNPs, particularly for large-size DNA beyond kilobase scales, due to constraints in multiplex capability, specificity, or sensitivity. In this study, a hydrogel-based multiplex SNP genotyping platform specifically designed for genomic DNA is presented. This platform integrates the ligation detection reaction (LDR) and rolling circle amplification (RCA) techniques within a hydrogel-based multiplex sensing system, enabling adaptable and sensitive SNP genotyping for genomic DNA. To enhance the specificity of the assay, MutS protein and polyethylene glycol are introduced into the protocol, reducing the non-specific ligation and RCA reactions synergistically. With significant specificity improvement of over 10-fold, three types of SNPs within an artificially constructed ∼1000 bp double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) are successfully genotyped with double-digit picomolar sensitivity. Furthermore, the practical applicability of the developed process for the origin identification of raw materials is demonstrated by genotyping three types of SNPs within genomic DNA obtained from two closely related plant species, Korean ginseng (Panax ginseng) and American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius), containing ca. 3.5 gigabase genome size. Of notable significance, this study marks the premiere achievement in PCR-free multiplex genotyping of SNPs in genomic DNA using a single fluorophore.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115670
JournalBiosensors and Bioelectronics
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Dec 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Elsevier B.V.


  • Encoded hydrogel microparticle
  • Ligation detection reaction
  • MutS protein
  • Polyethylene glycol
  • Rolling circle amplification
  • Single nucleotide polymorphism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biophysics
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Electrochemistry


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