Multivariable adaptive control of bead geometry in GMA welding

Jae Bok Song, David E. Hardt

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


This paper considers the problem of controlling bead geometry of a Gas-Metal Arc Weld (GMAW). Specifically, the desire is control bead width and depth in real-time, and travel speed of the torch and wire feedrate are chosen as the inputs. Previous work has shown that process dynamics are highly non-linear, and this is quantified for this problem through a series of experiments and off-line parameter identification experiments. Since the range of parameter variations can be as large as ± 40%, adaptive control is investigated to achieve high performance. A multi-variable deadbeat adaptive control algorithm is investigated and implemented to achieve the desired weld bead geometries. Control weighting factors are introduced to reduce the excessive control effort that is likely to exist in the deadbeat algorithm. Simulation results indicate that the weighted deadbeat adaptive controller works well for the welding process, and that the control weighting factors are essential to practical, non-saturating control performance.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWelding and Joining Processes
EditorsElijah Jr. Kannatey-Asibu, Hyung Suck Cho, Shuichi Fukuda
PublisherPubl by ASME
Number of pages12
ISBN (Print)0791808521
Publication statusPublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes
EventWinter Annual Meeting of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers - Atlanta, GA, USA
Duration: 1991 Dec 11991 Dec 6

Publication series

NameAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers, Production Engineering Division (Publication) PED


OtherWinter Annual Meeting of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers
CityAtlanta, GA, USA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering


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