N-phenylmaleimide polymers for second-order nonlinear optics

Ji Young Chang, Tae Ja Kim, Man Jung Han, Dong Hoon Choi, Nakjoong Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


Second-order nonlinear optical properties of the polymers of N-phenylmaleimides coupled with nonlinear optical (NLO) chromophores through urethane linkages were investigated. N-[4-(Azidocarbonyl)phenyl]-maleimide, the precursor of the isocyanato N-phenylmaleimide, was prepared and reacted with NLO chromophores, N-(4-nitrophenyl)-L-prolinol (NPP) or 4′-[(2-hydroxyethyl)methylamino]-4-nitrostilbene (ANS) to give monomer 5 or monomer 6. The monomers were polymerized and copolymerized with methyl methacrylate (MMA) and styrene (ST). The nonresonant linear electro-optic (EO) coefficients, r33 values of the copolymers of 5 with MMA or ST corona-poled under 0.6 MV cm-1 were found to be about 10-15 pm V-1 when measured at 632.8 nm, and those measured at 830 nm were lower by 15-20%. The r33 values of the copolymers of 6 with MMA measured at 632.8 nm and 830 nm were 25-35 pm V-1 and 8-10 pm V-1, respectively. The homopolymer of 5 showed the excellent thermal stability of the EO coefficient, which retained 85% of its original value when aged at 80°C for 48 h. The EO coefficients of the copolymers were 45-70% of their original values after 48 h at 80°C. At room temperature, no decay of r33 values of all polymers was observed over a period of 1 month.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4651-4656
Number of pages6
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes


  • N-phenylmaleimide polymer
  • Second-order nonlinear optics
  • Thermal stability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry


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