Research on CO2 capture using nanofluids and nanoemulsions has been actively conducted in recent decades, and numerous studies have achieved improvements in the CO2 absorption performance of nanofluids and nanoemulsions. In this study, to analyze the enhancement of CO2 absorption performance achieved by nanofluids and nanoemulsions, experiments are conducted for visualizing the diffusion of CO2 inside absorbents using the shadowgraph method. The nanofluid absorbents are prepared using SiO2 solid particles, and the nanoemulsion absorbents are prepared using dodecane as the dispersed phase. The effects of concentration are analyzed through the absorption experiments performed for each concentration. The diffusion coefficient is calculated experimentally and theoretically based on the results of the visualization tests. The absorption of CO2 begins at the absorbent's upper interface when the CO2 gas is stationary or moving. The highest absorption is observed at 0.05 vol% of nanoparticles. The absorption performances of the nanofluid and nanoemulsion absorbents are improved by 23.05% and 26.80%, respectively. As CO2 is absorbed, the absorbent density changes and the Rayleigh convection becomes prominent, resulting in a plume-like flow. The plume formation and growth stages are subdivided into four stages, and both absorbents are compared. The visualization test results indicate that the hydrodynamic effect is a dominant factor in improving nanofluids’ mass transfer and nanoemulsions.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was partially supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea ( NRF ) grant funded by the Korean government ( MSIP ). (No. NRF-2019R1A2B5B03069991 and NRF-2020R1A5A1018153 ).
This work was partially supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korean government (MSIP). (No. NRF-2019R1A2B5B03069991 and NRF-2020R1A5A1018153).
© 2021 Elsevier Ltd
- CO absorption performance enhancement
- Diffusion visualization
- Hydrodynamic effect
- Nanoemulsions absorbents
- Penetration depth
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- General Environmental Science
- Strategy and Management
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering