Nanofluid and nanoemulsion absorbents for the enhancement of CO2 absorption performance

Wonhyeok Lee, Ronghuan Xu, Seonggon Kim, Jong Ha Park, Yong Tae Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Research on CO2 capture using nanofluids and nanoemulsions has been actively conducted in recent decades, and numerous studies have achieved improvements in the CO2 absorption performance of nanofluids and nanoemulsions. In this study, to analyze the enhancement of CO2 absorption performance achieved by nanofluids and nanoemulsions, experiments are conducted for visualizing the diffusion of CO2 inside absorbents using the shadowgraph method. The nanofluid absorbents are prepared using SiO2 solid particles, and the nanoemulsion absorbents are prepared using dodecane as the dispersed phase. The effects of concentration are analyzed through the absorption experiments performed for each concentration. The diffusion coefficient is calculated experimentally and theoretically based on the results of the visualization tests. The absorption of CO2 begins at the absorbent's upper interface when the CO2 gas is stationary or moving. The highest absorption is observed at 0.05 vol% of nanoparticles. The absorption performances of the nanofluid and nanoemulsion absorbents are improved by 23.05% and 26.80%, respectively. As CO2 is absorbed, the absorbent density changes and the Rayleigh convection becomes prominent, resulting in a plume-like flow. The plume formation and growth stages are subdivided into four stages, and both absorbents are compared. The visualization test results indicate that the hydrodynamic effect is a dominant factor in improving nanofluids’ mass transfer and nanoemulsions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number125848
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Apr 1


  • CO absorption performance enhancement
  • Diffusion visualization
  • Hydrodynamic effect
  • Nanoemulsions absorbents
  • Penetration depth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Strategy and Management
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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