In this study, a vertical shaft is coated using silver nanowires (AgNWs) together with reduced graphene oxide (rGO) via the supersonic spray-coating technique to enhance the absorption of solar radiative heat for use in solar air heaters. The rGO/AgNW-coated surface induces multiple light reflections, similar to that in a perfect black body inside a Helmholtz jar, thus enhancing the collection of solar radiation. Air fed into the vertical heated shaft ascends owing to buoyancy. The air temperature difference, ΔT, between the outlet and inlet is measured for various mass flow rates to quantify the heat transferred to the air from the solar-heated vertical shaft. The longitudinal air velocity and temperature distributions inside the shaft are numerically simulated using the fire dynamics simulator. Both two- and three-dimensional simulations are performed, and the results are compared with experimental data for various mass flow rates. The results confirm that the trends observed in both the experiments and simulations agree well for all cases. Multiple metal meshes are installed inside the vertical shaft to induce turbulence, which enhances the heat transfer intensity. This turbulence enhancement is confirmed via smoke visualization and infrared images.
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ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Engineering (miscellaneous)
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes