Natural Product Betulin-Based Insulating Polymer Filler in Organic Solar Cells

Qilun Zhang, Huotian Zhang, Ziang Wu, Chuanfei Wang, Rui Zhang, Chiyuan Yang, Feng Gao, Simone Fabiano, Han Young Woo, Monica Ek, Xianjie Liu, Mats Fahlman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Introduction of filler materials into organic solar cells (OSCs) are a promising strategy to improve device performance and thermal/mechanical stability. However, the complex interactions between the state-of-the-art OSC materials and filler require careful selection of filler materials and OSC fabrication to achieve lower cost and improved performance. In this work, the introduction of a natural product betulin-based insulating polymer as filler in various OSCs is investigated. Donor–acceptor–insulator ternary OSCs are developed with improved open-circuit voltage (Voc) due to decreased trap-assisted recombination. Furthermore, filler-induced vertical phase separation due to mismatched surface energy can strongly affect charge collection at the bottom interface and limit the filler ratio. A quasi-bilayer strategy is used in all-polymer systems to circumvent this problem. Herein, the variety of filler materials in OSCs to biomass is broadened, and the filler strategy is made a feasible and promising strategy toward highly efficient, eco, and low-cost OSCs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2200381
JournalSolar RRL
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Sept

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Authors. Solar RRL published by Wiley-VCH GmbH.


  • Filler strategy
  • betulin
  • organic solar cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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