Near-complete blocking of multivalent anions in graphene oxide membranes with tunable interlayer spacing from 3.7 to 8.0 angstrom

Jongwoon Kim, Seung Eun Lee, Seunghwan Seo, Ju Yeon Woo, Chang Soo Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)


Graphene oxide (GO) membranes have attracted attention as a promising candidate for selective ion permeation due to narrow interlayer spacing. Among several methods to control the interlayer spacing, the reduction of GO membranes has great potential for desalination and water purification. To apply GO membranes for ion separation, investigating ion transport of sub-nanometer channels of reduced GO membranes is needed. In this study, thermally and chemically reduced GO membranes were fabricated with different interlayer spacing ranging from 3.7 to 8.0 Å in a dry state. It was experimentally determined that the minimum spacing allowing water permeation was 5.7 Å (9.6 Å in water), and no water permeated at 5.0 Å or less. For ion permeation, a pure GO membrane exhibited similar permeability for most ions, while the permeability of GO membrane with 5.7 Å spacing was strongly dependent of the size and charge of ions. The permeability of cations significantly changed along with the ionic radius, while there was a noticeable cutoff for permeability of multivalent anions such as SO42− and Fe(CN)63−. Our reduced GO membrane could be used to effectively block the permeation of large ions and multivalent anions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number117394
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Dec 15

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by Basic Science Research Program ( 2018R1A2A1A05023556 ) through the National Research Foundation of Korea funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT, Korea .

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier B.V.


  • Dehydration
  • Graphene oxide
  • Interlayer spacing
  • Reduction
  • Swelling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation


Dive into the research topics of 'Near-complete blocking of multivalent anions in graphene oxide membranes with tunable interlayer spacing from 3.7 to 8.0 angstrom'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this