Aims/hypothesis. Previous studies have shown that neuropeptide Y (NPY) gene expression and release are increased in hyperphagic ob/ob mice and diabetic rats. Therefore, we hypothesized that orexigenic agent, NPY, has the effect on the obesity and diabetes. To elucidate the relationship, we have studied the regulatory role of NPY on islet cells. Methods. Isolated islets were incubated with NPY or NPY Y1 receptor specific antagonist, BIBP3226. Proliferation, apoptosis, and Y1 receptor expression were identified by immunohistochemistry. We studied that ERK1/2 mediates the NPY pathway with PD98059 (MAP kinase inhibitor), wortmannin (phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase inhibitor), and BIM-1 (protein kinase C inhibitor). After NPY-treated islets were exposed to high glucose, insulin levels were detected. Results. β-Cell replication was enhanced in a dose-dependent manner, but without any changes on the other cells in islet. NPY Y1 receptors were expressed on islet and NPY induced phosphorylation of ERK1/2 rapidly and transiently. PD98059 (MAPK kinase inhibitor) and BIM-1 (protein kinase C inhibitor) inhibited activation of ERK1/2 by NPY, but wortmannin (phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase inhibitor) did not. Exposure of NPY-treated islets to high glucose showed the decreasing trend of insulin secretion. Conclusion/interpretation. Our data suggest that NPY promotes β-cell replication via extracellular signal-regulated kinase activation and inhibits glucose-stimulated insulin secretion.
|Number of pages
|Biochemical and biophysical research communications
|Published - 2004 Feb 13
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
You-Ree Cho held a Brain Korea 21 fellowship from the Korean Ministry of Education, Korea. We thank Dr. Sangduk Kim and Dr. Jason K. Kim for a careful reading of the manuscript and scientific discussion.
- Extracellular signal-regulated kinase
- Neuropeptide Y
- Phosphoinositide 3-kinase
- Protein kinase C
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology