Seasonal foliage and twig nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) dynamics were determined for 40-year-old pitch pine (Pinus rigida Mill.) and Japanese larch (Larix leptolepis Gord.) plantations established on similar soils in central Korea. Also, the effects of three levels of N plus P fertilizers on N and P retranslocation were evaluated. In general, Japanese larch had significantly higher current foliage N and P concentrations than pitch pine, and N and P concentrations were higher in foliage than those in twigs for both study species. Foliage N and P concentrations were highest in mid-growing season and lowest in autumn whereas twig N and P concentrations increased during foliage senescence, suggesting that twig served as a storage tissue. We did not find differences in foliage N and P retranslocation between pitch pine and Japanese larch; current foliage N and P retranslocation of the control trees were 35% and 56% for pitch pine, and 39% and 59% for Japanese larch, respectively. There were no consistent patterns in foliage and twig N and P retranslocation following fertilization.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Financial support was provided by the Korea Science and Engineering Foundation (KOSEF 961-0608-069-2). We thank Jae Hong Hwang, Jung Ah Shin, Hyun Seop Kim, and Rae Hyun Kim for field sampling and nutrient analyses.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agronomy and Crop Science