Nitrogen surfactant effects in GaInP

D. C. Chapman, G. B. Stringfellow, A. Bell, F. A. Ponce, J. W. Lee, T. Y. Seong, S. Shibakawa, A. Sasaki

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4 Citations (Scopus)


The addition of surfactant nitrogen during the growth of GaInP on (001) GaAs substrates produces significant and interesting changes in the optical and morphological properties of GaInP. In particular, multiple peaks are seen in the low temperature photoluminescence (PL) spectra of GaInP/GaInP:N heterostructures. The origin of these multiple peaks is investigated using transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersive spectroscopy, and cathodoluminescence. It is found that a discontinuous In-rich layer forms at the GaInP/GaInP:N interface leading to a 1-6 nm thick GaInP layer that is ≈70% In and has a PL peak energy of <1.7eV. Cross-sectional cathodoluminescence experiments confirm the existence and composition of the interface layer. The cathodoluminescence experiments also show that the GaInP:N epilayer produces emission at a higher energy than the GaInP epilayer. Cathodoluminescence monochromatic images of surface pyramids indicate that the pyramids emit at higher energy than the surrounding GaInP:N epilayer. Atomic force microscopy of the pyramids reveals the formation of facets with angles of up to 23°. The large misorientation of the pyramids leads to GaInP material that is more disordered than the top epilayer.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6
Pages (from-to)7229-7234
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Dec 15
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors from the University of Utah wish to acknowledge the Department of Energy, Division of Basic Sciences, for their support in funding the research presented in this paper. The work by A.B. and F.A.P. was supported by a grant from Nichia Corporation. J.W.L. and T.Y.S. wish to acknowledge the Korean Ministry of Education for financial support, and S.S. and A.S. acknowledge the Academic Frontier Promotion Project of Japan for support.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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