Non-equilibrium Landauer transport model for Hawking radiation from a black hole

P. D. Nation, M. P. Blencowe, Franco Nori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


We propose that the Hawking radiation energy and entropy flow rates from a black hole can be viewed as a one-dimensional (1D), nonequilibrium Landauer transport process. Support for this viewpoint comes from previous calculations invoking conformal symmetry in the near-horizon region, which give radiation rates that are identical to those of a single 1D quantum channel connected to a thermal reservoir at the Hawking temperature. The Landauer approach shows in a direct way the particle statistics independence of the energy and entropy fluxes of a black hole radiating into vacuum, as well as one near thermal equilibrium with its environment. As an application of the Landauer approach, we show that Hawking radiation gives a net entropy production that is 50% larger than that obtained assuming standard 3D emission into vacuum.

Original languageEnglish
Article number033013
JournalNew Journal of Physics
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Mar

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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