Novel medium-Mn (austenite + martensite) duplex hot-rolled steel achieving 1.6 GPa strength with 20 % ductility by Mn-segregation-induced TRIP mechanism

Hyungsoo Lee, Min Chul Jo, Seok Su Sohn, A. Zargaran, Joo Hyun Ryu, Nack J. Kim, Sunghak Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

130 Citations (Scopus)


Ultra-high-strength (over 1 GPa) hot-rolled steel sheets have been actively developed to protect passengers in cases of vehicle crashes, and their applications have been expanded to cold-rolled steel sheets. A major alloying element for forming meta-stable austenite is Mn in (austenite + martensite) duplex microstructures, which is readily obtained at medium-Mn level ((3–10) wt.%). However, these medium-Mn hot-rolled duplex microstructures inevitably include Mn-segregated bands, which often lead to anisotropic mechanical properties and deteriorate the strength or uniform elongation. However, in this study, we show favorable effects of the Mn-segregated band, by carefully controlling the composition, size, and shape of austenite in Mn-rich and Mn-lean bands in medium-Mn duplex steels (composition; Fe-0.1C-10Mn-1Si-0.3Mo-0.5 V (wt.%)). The austenite grown coarsely in the Mn-rich band provoked transformation-induced plasticity (TRIP) more efficiently than the austenite finely transformed from the martensite in the Mn-lean band. The Mn composition acted more dominantly on the austenite stability than the austenite size, resulting in continuous TRIP in the austenite of the Mn-rich band. This austenite enables continuous strain hardening, thereby leading to high yield and tensile strengths of (1.0–1.6) GPa together with large ductility of 20%, which offers promise for new applications to ultra-high-strength automotive hot-rolled steel sheets.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)247-260
Number of pages14
JournalActa Materialia
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Apr 1
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by POSCO under contract No. 2015Y018 , and by the Brain Korea 21 PLUS Project for the Center for Creative Industrial Materials.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Acta Materialia Inc.


  • Austenite stability
  • Duplex steel
  • Hot-rolled steel
  • Mn segregation
  • TRansformation Induced Plasticity (TRIP)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys


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