Aberrant activation of Raf signaling pathway is frequently found in various human tumors, it has been considered as distinct and promising molecular target for cancer therapeutics. B-Raf is most attractive drug target out of three Raf isoforms (A-Raf, B-Raf and C-Raf) because it exhibits high kinase activity due to frequent mutations in human tumors. However, most recently, it has been reported that Raf isoforms show the cross-activation in the presence of specific B-Raf inhibitors, which brings about the paradoxical p-ERK activation as well as tumor promoting effect. According to these findings, it remains controversy whether pan-Raf kinase inhibitor is more valuable and promising rather than specific B-Raf inhibitor under certain conditions in terms of cancer therapeutics. In this short review, novel Raf kinase inhibitors undergoing clinical investigation are introduced. Moreover, the paradoxical p-ERK activation is discussed with specific B-Raf inhibitors, PLX4032/4720 compounds.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by a grant of the Korea Health technology R&D Project, Ministry of Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea (No.: A111345).
- Molecular-targeted inhibitor
- Raf kinase
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine
- Drug Discovery
- Organic Chemistry