Nurses' management of older patients with post-anesthesia delirium: A Q methodology approach

Minyeong Kang, Eun Young Kim, Sung Ok Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: This is an analysis of the experiences of nurses in Post Anesthesia Care Units (PACUs) in caring for older patients with emergence delirium using the Q-methodology. Methods: The Q-methodology, which is used to explore and understand human subjectivity, was applied. Thirty nurses who had experiences in providing nursing for delirium in older patients after surgery in a PACU participated in this study. Results: This study revealed three factors regarding the frame of reference of PACU nurses in detecting and managing older patients' emergence delirium: “detect the deviant changes leading to instability”, “focus on the patient’s degree of cognitive recovery within the framework of recovery time”, and “awareness of possible clues based on the patient’s underlying disease(s)”. Conclusion: These findings are expected to be utilized as a basis for more practical and accessible PACU nurse delirium education that reflects nurses’ subjective viewpoints explained by the three identified factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)454-463
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Korean Gerontological Nursing
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Nov

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Korean Gerontological Nursing Society.


  • Aged
  • Emergence delirium
  • Postoperative period

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gerontology


Dive into the research topics of 'Nurses' management of older patients with post-anesthesia delirium: A Q methodology approach'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this