O 2 , NO 2 and NH 3 coordination to Co-porphyrin studied with scanning tunneling microscopy on Au(111)

Min Hui Chang, Na Young Kim, Yun Hee Chang, Yeunhee Lee, Un Seung Jeon, Howon Kim, Yong Hyun Kim, Se Jong Kahng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


The coordination structure between small molecules and metalloporphyrins plays a crucial role in functional reactions such as bio-oxidation and catalytic activation. Their vertical, tilting, and dynamic structures have been actively studied with diffraction and resonance spectroscopy for the past four decades. Contrastingly, real-space visualization beyond simple protrusion and depression is relatively rare. In this paper, high-resolution scanning tunnelling microscopy (STM) images are presented of di-, tri-, and tetra-atomic small molecules (O 2 , NO 2 , and NH 3 , respectively) coordinated to Co-porphyrin on Au(111). A square ring structure was observed for O 2 , a rectangular ring structure for NO 2 , and a bright-center structure for NH 3 at 80 K. The symmetries of experimental STM images were reproduced in density functional theory (DFT) calculations, considering the precession motion of the small molecules. Thus, this study shows that the structure of small molecules coordinated to metalloporphyrins can be visualized using high-resolution STM and DFT calculations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8510-8517
Number of pages8
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - 2019 May 7

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Royal Society of Chemistry 2019.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science


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