Oblique penetration of a rigid projectile into an elastic-plastic target

I. V. Roisman, A. L. Yarin, M. B. Rubin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)


The main objective of the present work is to develop an approximate solution of the problem of oblique penetration of a rigid projectile into an elastic-plastic target of finite thickness. This is accomplished by generalizing the work on normal penetration reported in [1]. Here, an irrotational isochoric velocity field is considered that consists of three parts, each of which together satisfy the condition of impenetrability at the projectile's surface. The first part is associated with the longitudinal motion of the projectile, the second part with the transverse motion, and the third part with the projectile rotation in the plane defined by the initial longitudinal projectile velocity and the normal to the target surface. The target material is assumed to be incompressible and the target region is subdivided into an elastic region ahead of the projectile, arid a rigid-plastic region near the projectile. Using the above potential velocity field, inertia effects are included and the linear momentum equation is solved exactly in the elastic region. In the plastic region, the linear momentum equation is integrated numerically along the instantaneous streamlines to determine the pressure field on the projectile surface. Then the decelerating force and moment applied to the projectile are solved numerically. The model developed here predicts the residual velocity, the ballistic limit, as well as the residual angle of obliquity. Moreover, this model is able to describe the phenomenon of ricochet. It is shown that the agreement of the theory with experiments is good even though no adjustable parameters are used. Also, a user-friendly computer program has been developed that is available for distribution along with a Users' Manual.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)769-795
Number of pages27
JournalInternational Journal of Impact Engineering
Issue number9-10
Publication statusPublished - 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Automotive Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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