Observation and modeling of the thermal runaway of high-capacity pouch cells due to an internal short induced by an indenter

Sang Youn Park, Anudeep Mallarapu, Jaeyoung Lim, Shriram Santhanagopalan, Yongha Han, Byoung Ho Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Owing to the complexity of coupling mechanical and electrical solvers for finite element analysis (FEA) of mechanical abuse of a battery, the simulation should be performed by incorporating a local short circuit model activated based on the status of battery elements. However, the approach should also consider various other conditions of the battery simulated, such as the initial state of charge (SOC), for precise simulations of the internal short. This study proposes an approach developed with a mechanical model and single-particle battery model, along with a reaction kinetics model for thermal abuse using LS-DYNA. Several key parameters were selected, such as the activation criteria, kinetic abuse and element integration points during the internal short circuit induced by the indenter. The impact of these key parameters in the FEA on thermal runaway response for various initial SOCs from 25to 100 % were analyzed. The FEA results obtained were compared against experimental results with various parameters such as activation criterion of internal short, kinetic abuse based on accelerating rate calorimetry (ARC) data. Finally, the root causes of the discrepancy between the FEA and experimental results are discussed regarding integration point what solver can make difference during calculation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number108518
JournalJournal of Energy Storage
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Nov 25

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the Hyundai Motors Corporation in Korea and the National Renewable Laboratories in the USA. This work is also supported by a National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korean government (No. 2021R1A2C2012958 ). The research was also supported using computational resources sponsored by the Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, located at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory .

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023


  • Finite element analysis
  • High-capacity pouch battery
  • Internal short
  • Kinetic abuse
  • State of charge
  • Thermal runaway

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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