Observation of spatially-varying Fermi velocity in strained-graphene directly grown on hexagonal boron nitride

Won Jun Jang, Howon Kim, Yong Ro Shin, Min Wang, Sung Kyu Jang, Minwoo Kim, Sungjoo Lee, Sang Woo Kim, Young Jae Song, Se Jong Kahng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)


Electronic properties of graphene can be controlled by using elastic strain. Theories predicted two major effects of strain, pseudo-magnetic field and spatially-varying Fermi velocity effects in graphene, but only the former was confirmed by experiments. Here, we report the experimental evidences of the latter, observed in strained graphene weakly coupled to a hexagonal boron nitride (BN) using scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and spectroscopy (STS). V-shaped STS spectra showed spatially-varying slopes at lines across the strained ridges, whereas they showed constant slopes at lines along the long directions of ridges. The observed slope variations in the former were explained with the reduced Fermi velocity which is linear with the uniaxial strain less than 5% in agreement with theoretical predictions. Spatially-varying Fermi velocity that is controllable by local strain can provide an accessible component for the electronic engineering of graphene.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-145
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Aug

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors gratefully acknowledge financial support from the Ministry of Education Science and Technology of the Korean government through National Research Foundation (Grant Nos. 2010-0025301 ; 2012-0013222 ; 2011-0030046 ; 2009-0083540 ; 2012R1A1A2020089 ; 2012R1A1A1041416 ).

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Observation of spatially-varying Fermi velocity in strained-graphene directly grown on hexagonal boron nitride'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this