On the Throughput of Mixed FSO/RF UAV-Enabled Mobile Relaying Systems with a Buffer Constraint

Ju Hyung Lee, Ki Hong Park, Mohamed Slim Alouini, Young Chai Ko

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

20 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we consider an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) aided mobile relaying system under a buffer constraint at the relay node. We propose a new relaying protocol employing mixed free-space optical/radio frequency (FSO/RF) communication, i.e., the source-relay and relay-destination link utilize FSO communication and RF communication, respectively, under the buffer constraint which is required to consider practical relay system. We study the trajectory optimization problem of buffer-constrained UAV-relaying in order to maximize the end-to-end data throughput. Taking the conditions of the mixed FSO/RF systems (e.g., a full-duplex relaying network that works in decode-and-forward, atmospheric attenuation, transmit power, and bandwidth in FSO and RF links) into consideration, we characterize the channel and throughput models. Furthermore, corresponding to the buffer-aided relaying, we derive a limited buffer constraint regarding the state of the queue in the buffer of relay. We solve the optimal trajectory problem of the UAV to maximize the throughput of user terminal using quadratically constrained programming. As a result, we propose an iterative algorithm that efficiently finds a local optimum solution for the throughput maximization problems. Our numerical results show that proposed buffer-aided mobile relaying achieves 161.3% throughput gains compared to a static relaying scheme.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2019 IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2019 - Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781538680889
Publication statusPublished - 2019 May
Event2019 IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2019 - Shanghai, China
Duration: 2019 May 202019 May 24

Publication series

NameIEEE International Conference on Communications
ISSN (Print)1550-3607


Conference2019 IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government(MSIT)(NRF-2019R1A2B2007789)

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 IEEE.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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