One-Pot Synthesis of Antimony-Embedded Silicon Oxycarbide Materials for High-Performance Sodium-Ion Batteries

Yongho Lee, Kwan Young Lee, Wonchang Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)


Sodium-ion batteries have recently attracted intensive attention due to their natural abundance and low cost. Antimony is a desirable candidate for an anode material for sodium-ion batteries due to its high theoretical capacity (660 mA h g−1). However, the utilization of alloy-based anodes is still limited by their inherent huge volume changes and sluggish kinetics. The Sb-embedded silicon oxycarbide (SiOC) composites are simply synthesized via a one-pot pyrolysis process at 900 °C without any additives or surfactants, taking advantage of the superior self-dispersion properties of antimony acetate powders in silicone oil. The structural and morphological characterizations confirm that Sb nanoparticles are homogeneously embedded into the amorphous SiOC matrix. The composite materials exhibit an initial desodiation capacity of around 510 mA h g−1 and maintained an excellent capacity retention above 97% after 250 cycles. The rate capability test reveals that the composites deliver capacity greater than 453 mA h g−1, even at the high current density of 20 C rate, owing to the free-carbon domain of SiOC material. The electrochemical and postmortem analyses confirm that the SiOC matrix with a uniform distribution of Sb nanoparticles provides the mechanical strength without degradation in conductive characteristics, suppressing the agglomeration of Sb particles during the electrochemical reaction.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1702607
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Issue number43
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Nov 17

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Y. Lee, Dr. W. Choi Center for Energy Convergence Research Korea Institute of Science and Technology Hwarangno 14-gil 5, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 136-791, Republic of Korea E-mail: Y. Lee, Prof. K. Y. Lee Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering Korea University 17, Anam-dong, Sungbuk-ku, Seoul 136-701, Republic of Korea Dr. W. Choi Department of Energy and Environmental Engineering Korea University of Science and Technology Gajeong-ro Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-333, Republic of Korea

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST) institutional program (2E27090).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.


  • anodes
  • antimony
  • silicon oxycarbide
  • silicone oils
  • sodium-ion batteries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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