Opening status of the Korea midwifery birthing centers and development of midwifery practice guideline

Ji Young Song, Young Joo Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: This study was to investigate the operational status of the midwifery birthing centers (MBCs) and midwives’ job status (Phase 1) and to develop midwifery practice guidelines (MPG) (Phase 2) in Korea. Methods: In the first phase, the subjects were 15 midwives who operated 11 of 14 MBCs that were opened as of August 2018. The questionnaire consisted of items to measure the operational status of the MBC and midwives’ job status. In the second phase, the MPG was developed from literature review, interviews with five midwives opening their MBCs, surveys with 74 midwives, and a validity evaluation conducted by seven experts. Results: The distribution of operating MBCs was five in Gyunggi-do, two each in Seoul and Incheon, one each in Busan, Chungcheongbuk-do, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Gyeong-sangnam-do and Jeju-do. The mean age of midwives was 54.3 and all were female. In 2017, a total of 762 births including 81 homebirths were performed by midwives. The job performance was highest in the order of neonatal care 3.81, childbirth care 3.56, and postpartal care 3.53, respectively. The MPG included seven areas of prenatal care, childbirth care, postpartal care, neonatal care, primary health care, law/ ethics, and administration, with 56 tasks and 166 task elements. Conclusion: This study provides the valid basic data for the operational status of the MBC and the midwives’ job status. The MPG describes the midwife’s job and may be used as basic data for preparing policies for the development of midwifery practice in Korea.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)583-598
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Korean Academy of Nursing
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Aug

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Korean Society of Nursing Science.


  • Birthing Centers
  • Midwifery
  • Nurse Midwives
  • Practice Guideline

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing


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