Operability coating windows and frequency response in slot coating flows from a viscocapillary model

Si Hyung Lee, Hyun Jung Koh, Bo Kyung Ryu, See Jo Kim, Hyun Wook Jung, Jae Chun Hyun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)


Slot coating, indispensable to the manufacturer of flat panel displays and long-life secondary batteries, can be susceptible to unexpected disturbances at high speeds, leading to many kinds of undesirable defects. Operability coating windows for both Newtonian and non-Newtonian (shear-thinning) liquids have been investigated using a simplified viscocapillary model in a slot coating bead flow regime. Stable coating windows, free from leaking (or dripping) and bead break-up, have been determined by the position of upstream meniscus. They quantitatively coincided with those from two-dimensional calculations by a CFD Fluent solver. The pressure range that allowed a stable bead widened as the viscosity of the coating liquid or the capillary number in downstream die region increased. Also, the sensitivity of the slot coating flow through frequency response method was tested by measuring the amplitude of final wet coating thickness with respect to ongoing sinusoidal disturbances at different frequencies imposed to web speed, flow rate, bead pressure and coating gap. The viscocapillary model was compared with a 2D model and was found to be a fast and efficient tool that could enhance the productivity and processability of coating systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4953-4959
Number of pages7
JournalChemical Engineering Science
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Nov 1


  • Films
  • Frequency response
  • Laminar flow
  • Mathematical modeling
  • Slot coating
  • Transport processes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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