Optimal combination of converging and diverging minichannels in PCHE as precooler under diverse operating conditions of supercritical CO2

Morteza Khoshvaght-Aliabadi, Parvaneh Ghodrati, Yong Tae Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


The performance of printed circuit heat exchangers (PCHEs) has been studied extensively in supercritical CO2 power cycles. However, no clear analysis has been conducted to investigate the impacts of converging and diverging flow path patterns on thermal and hydraulic characteristics of supercritical CO2 flowing inside PCHEs, particularly under the precooler operating conditions. Accordingly, 3D numerical simulations coupled with a segmental-averaged discretization technique are carried out and validated to cover the existing research gap and scrutinize the corresponding effects on the performance of water precoolers. All the proposed cases are examined under three different operating conditions of the supercritical CO2, namely far-, near, and trans-critical (F–C, N–C, and T-C). The findings approve that converging the cold side (H2O) minichannel and diverging the hot side (CO2) minichannel offer a great number of advantages in terms of increasing the thermal performance of precoolers. The pressure drop for the CO2 flow could be alleviated by about 60% through diverging the hot side minichannel along with converging the cold side minichannel. Meanwhile, this combination leads to the lowest CO2 outlet temperatures of the precooler, being about 310.2 K, 299.9 K, and 291.6 K under the F–C, N–C, and T-C operating conditions, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Article number127158
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Jun 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This investigation conducted at Korea University is supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea , NRF: Grant No. 2021H1D3A2A01099703 .

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Elsevier Ltd


  • Converging and diverging
  • Far-, near-, and trans-critical
  • Power cycle
  • Printed circuit heat exchanger
  • Supercritical carbon dioxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Building and Construction
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Pollution
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • General Energy
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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