Optimal Power Control for Transmitting Correlated Sources with Energy Harvesting Constraints

Yunquan Dong, Zhi Chen, Jian Wang, Byonghyo Shim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


We investigate the weighted-sum distortion minimization problem in transmitting two correlated Gaussian sources over Gaussian channels using two energy harvesting nodes. To this end, we develop off-line and online power control policies to optimize the transmit power of the two nodes. In the off-line case, we cast the problem as a convex optimization and investigate the structure of the optimal solution. We also develop a generalized waterfilling-based power allocation algorithm to obtain the optimal solution efficiently. For the online case, we quantify the distortion of the system using a cost function and show that the expected cost equals the expected weighted-sum distortion. Based on Banach's fixed point theorem, we further propose a geometrically converging algorithm to find the minimum cost via simple iterations. Simulation results show that our online power control outperforms the greedy power control where each node uses all the available energy in each slot and also performs close to that of the proposed off-line power control. Moreover, the performance of our off-line power control almost coincides with the performance limit of the system.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8095003
Pages (from-to)461-476
Number of pages16
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan


  • Energy harvesting
  • correlated sources
  • distortion minimization
  • online power allocation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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