Optimal pressure regulation of the pneumatic ventricular assist device with bellows-type driver

Jung Joo Lee, Bum Soo Kim, Jaesoon Choi, Hyuk Choi, Chi Bum Ahn, Kyoung Won Nam, Gi Seok Jeong, Choon Hak Lim, Ho Sung Son, Kyung Sun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The bellows-type pneumatic ventricular assist device (VAD) generates pneumatic pressure with compression of bellows instead of using an air compressor. This VAD driver has a small volume that is suitable for portable devices. However, improper pneumatic pressure setup can not only cause a lack of adequate flow generation, but also cause durability problems. In this study, a pneumatic pressure regulation system for optimal operation of the bellows-type VAD has been developed. The optimal pneumatic pressure conditions according to various afterload conditions aiming for optimal flow rates were investigated, and an afterload estimation algorithm was developed. The developed regulation system, which consists of a pressure sensor and a two-way solenoid valve, estimates the current afterload and regulates the pneumatic pressure to the optimal point for the current afterload condition. Experiments were performed in a mock circulation system. The afterload estimation algorithm showed sufficient performance with the standard deviation of error, 8.8 mm Hg. The flow rate could be stably regulated with a developed system under various afterload conditions. The shortcoming of a bellows-type VAD could be handled with this simple pressure regulation system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)627-633
Number of pages7
JournalArtificial Organs
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Aug


  • Bellows-type actuator
  • Pneumatic VAD
  • Pressure regulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering


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