Optimization of physical parameters of solid oxide fuel cell electrode using electrochemical model

Dong Hyun Jo, Jeong Hwan Chun, Ki Tae Park, Ji Won Hwang, Jeong Yong Lee, Hyun Wook Jung, Sung Hyun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


To enhance the performance of anode-supported solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC), an electrochemical model has been developed in this study. The Butler-Volmer equation, Ohm's law and dusty-gas model are incorporated to predict the activation, ohmic and concentration overpotentials, respectively. The optimal cell microstructure and operating parameters for the best current-voltage (J-V) characteristics have been sought from the information of the exchange current density and gas diffusion coefficients. As the cell temperature rises, the activation and ohmic overpotentials decrease, whereas the concentration overpotential increases due to the considerable reduction of gas density at the elevated temperature despite the increased diffusion coefficient. Also, increasing the hydrogen molar fraction and operating pressure can further augment the maximum cell output. Since there exists an optimum electrode pore size and porosity for maximum cell power density, the graded electrode has newly been designed to effectively reduce both the activation and concentration overpotentials. The results exhibit 70% improved cell performance than the case with a non-graded electrode. This electrochemical model will be useful to simply understand overpotential features and devise the strategy for optimal cell design in SOFC systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1844-1850
Number of pages7
JournalKorean Journal of Chemical Engineering
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Sept

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was supported by research grants from Korea Energy Management Cooperation (KEMCO) and Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP).

Copyright 2011 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Activation
  • Concentration
  • Graded Electrode
  • Ohmic
  • Overpotential
  • Performance of Fuel Cell
  • SOFC
  • Simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)


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