Optimization of pulsed voltage waveform for electrohydrodynamic jetting on-demand

Jungkeun Yang, Baekhyun Cho, Jaewon Chung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


For electrohydrodynamic jetting-on-demand, the conventional positive voltage pulse superposed by a dc bias voltage have been widely used. Once this voltage pulse was induced, the meniscus at the nozzle tip oscillated and its volume changed owing to the fluid supplied through the nozzle as well. To increase the maximum frequency for consistent jetting, it is desirable to minimize these phenomena. When the oscillation amplitude was sufficiently small to assume the occurrence of linear behavior and no jetting, the above phenomena could be well explained by using a harmonic oscillator model and a one-dimensional flow model. Based on this physical understanding, the root-polar voltage waveform was proposed and could significantly decrease the change in meniscus height; thus it was possible to increase the maximum frequency for consistent jetting. In addition, the residual oscillation could be also suppressed using an extra voltage pulse waveform. Furthermore, the root-polar voltage waveforms with a minus voltage pulse as well as a positive one could be demonstrated; thus it was shown that the root-polar voltage waveform could be implemented into ac-pulse modulated EHD jetting as well.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3775-3786
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Mechanical Science and Technology
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Aug 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (NRF-2012R1A1A2042447).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018, The Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.


  • Drop-on-demand (DOD)
  • Electrohydrodynamic (EHD)
  • Jetting
  • Oscillation
  • Voltage pulse waveform

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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