Optimum Solutions for Weighted Sum-Rate of NOMA and TDMA in Wireless Powered IoT Networks

Soheil Khavari, Shahrokh Farahmand, S. Mohammad Razavizadeh, Inkyu Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Wireless powered internet of thing (IoT) systems allow small IoT devices to operate without accompanying dedicated power sources. A well-known protocol for such networks utilizes the harvest and then transmit concept which involves wireless energy transfer (WET) followed by wireless information transfer (WIT). We formulate two optimization problems for wireless powered IoT systems to maximize weighted sum-rate for time division multiple access (TDMA) and non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) by optimizing the harvesting time and transmission time variables. First, we derive a semi-closed form solution,which achieves the global optimum, for both problems. The proposed approach is highly computationally efficient for large IoT networks. We prove that the scalar equations in both TDMA and NOMA maintain a unique solution which can be found via bisection. It is revealed that when the device’s circuit power consumption is negligible, NOMA outperforms TDMA. However, when devices consume large circuit power, TDMA is more efficient than NOMA. Numerical results determine a critical point where NOMA surpasses TDMA in weighted sum-rate if plotted versus WET transmit power. The critical point depends on the WET power, device’s circuit power consumption, conversion efficiency and saturation level of the (non-)linear energy harvester, and finally the number of devices and their associated weights.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1
Number of pages1
JournalIEEE Internet of Things Journal
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:


  • Decoding
  • Internet of Things
  • Internet of things (IoT)
  • Mathematical models
  • NOMA
  • Non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA)
  • Protocols
  • Time division multiple access
  • Time division multiple access (TDMA)
  • Weighted sum-rate
  • Wireless communication
  • Wireless powered communication network (WPCN)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Information Systems
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Networks and Communications


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