Optimum waste heat recovery from diesel engines: Thermo-economic assessment of nanofluid-based systems using a robust evolutionary approach

Moslem Yousefi, Danial Hooshyar, Joong H. Kim, Marc A. Rosen, Heuiseok Lim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Nearly 30% of the input energy to a diesel engine is wasted through the exhaust gas; thus, considerable attention has been directed toward developing efficient heat recovery systems for these engines. Given the demonstrated ability of nanofluids to boost the heat transfer rate of heat exchangers, these heat transfer fluids merit consideration for use in diesel exhaust heat recovery systems. In this study, the effects of employing nanofluids on the optimum design of these systems are investigated. An existing heat diesel engine exhaust heat recovery system is modeled to work with Al2O3/water and a modified imperialist competitive algorithm is employed for the optimization. Seven variables consisting of five heat exchanger geometric characteristics together with nanoparticle volume fraction and coolant mass flow rate are considered as design variables. The heat exchanger cost and charging rate of the storage tank are optimization objectives, while the greenhouse gas savings of the heat recovery system are assessed for measuring the environmental impact of the energy recovery. The results indicate that the proposed approach can overcome the challenge of finding the near-optimal design of this complex system and using nanofluids enhances the performance of the heat recovery heat exchanger.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-82
Number of pages18
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part E: Journal of Process Mechanical Engineering
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Feb 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This work is supported by a grant from The National Research Foundation (NRF) of Korea, funded by the Korean government (MSIP) (No. 2016R1A2A1A05005306).

Publisher Copyright:
© IMechE 2017.


  • AlO/water nanofluid
  • Diesel exhaust heat recovery
  • greenhouse gas savings
  • modified imperialist competitive algorithm
  • thermoeconomic assessment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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