Oriented attachment of carbon/cobalt-cobalt oxide nanotubes on manganese-doped carbon nanofibers for flexible symmetric supercapacitors

Suraj More, Bhavana Joshi, Ashwin Khadka, Edmund Samuel, Yong Il Kim, Ali Aldalbahi, Mohamed El-Newehy, Kishor Gurav, Hae Seok Lee, Sam S. Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Electrodes for flexible supercapacitors were fabricated from manganese-doped carbon nanofibers (Mn-CNF) decorated with carbon-coated Co-CoOx (C/Co-CoOx) nanotubes. The Mn-doped polyacrylonitrile (PAN)–2-methylimidazole (2MI) solution was electrospun using optimized Mn concentrations and ZIF-67 was then surface loaded by wet impregnation with added polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP). These ZIF-67 loaded Mn-fibers, when annealed, resulted in carbon-coated C/Co-CoOx nanotubes on the Mn-CNF surface. In the presence of PVP, ZIF-67 oriented attachment occurs, forming evenly dispersed CoOx particles even after high temperature annealing. XRD spectra exhibit the formation of metallic Co nanoparticles (NPs), whereas Raman spectra and XPS indicate Co particle oxidation. A carbon coating limits the oxidation of Co; thus, the particles are called C/Co-CoOx. A symmetric supercapacitor cell prepared using the CNFs decorated with C/Co-CoOx using an aqueous electrolyte has a capacitance of 1263 mF⋅cm−2 at a current density of 0.25 mA⋅cm−2 and a wide potential window of 1.4 V for the optimal case. Long-term cycling showed 110 % capacitance retention after 10,000 cycles. Moreover, bending tests and powering LEDs demonstrated the flexibility and improved charge storage of the prepared nanofiber electrodes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number156386
JournalApplied Surface Science
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Apr 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government NRF-2020R1A5A1018153, NRF-2021R1A2C2010530, and 2022M3J1A106422611. The authors acknowledge King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, for funding this work through Researchers Supporting Project number (RSP2023R30).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Elsevier B.V.


  • Binder free
  • CNF
  • CoO
  • Flexible supercapacitor
  • Oriented attachment
  • ZIF-67

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Surfaces and Interfaces


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