Overview of Full-Dimension MIMO in LTE-Advanced Pro

Hyoungju Ji, Younsun Kim, Juho Lee, Eko Onggosanusi, Younghan Nam, Jianzhong Zhang, Byungju Lee, Byonghyo Shim

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

135 Citations (Scopus)


Multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems with a large number of base station antennas, often called massive MIMO, have received much attention in academia and industry as a means to improve the spectral efficiency, energy efficiency, and processing complexity of next generation cellular systems. The mobile communication industry has initiated a feasibility study of massive MIMO systems to meet the increasing demand of future wireless systems. Field trials of the proof-of-concept systems have demonstrated the potential gain of the Full-Dimension MIMO (FD-MIMO), an official name for the MIMO enhancement in the 3rd generation partnership project (3GPP). 3GPP initiated standardization activity for the seamless integration of this technology into current 4G LTE systems. In this article, we provide an overview of FD-MIMO systems, with emphasis on the discussion and debate conducted on the standardization process of Release 13. We present key features for FD-MIMO systems, a summary of the major issues for the standardization and practical system design, and performance evaluations for typical FD-MIMO scenarios.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7593425
Pages (from-to)176-184
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Communications Magazine
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Feb

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korean government (MSIP-2014R1A5A1011478), and the ICT R&D program of MSIP/IITP (B0717-16-0023)

Publisher Copyright:
© 1979-2012 IEEE.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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