Oxygen-Supplying Piezocatalytic Therapy of Hypoxic Tumors by Intratumoral Delivery of pH-Responsive Multicompartmental Carriers with Sequential Drug Release Capability

Quan Truong Hoang, Do Yeon Kim, Hyun Su Park, Wookyoung Jang, Thuy Giang Nguyen Cao, Ji Hee Kang, Young Tag Ko, Seok Joon Mun, Suk Ho Bhang, Min Suk Shim, Ki Wan Bong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Piezocatalytic cancer therapy, in which piezoelectric nanomaterials generate reactive oxygen species (ROS) via piezocatalytic redox reactions under mechanical stress, has emerged as an effective strategy for cancer treatment. However, the inherent hypoxia in tumor microenvironments enormously restricts its efficacy. To address this issue, acid-degradable Janus-type multicompartmental carriers able to separately encapsulate piezocatalytic gold nanoparticle-coated poly(ethylene glycol)-modified zinc oxide nanorods (Au@P-ZnO NRs) and O2-generating catalase (CAT) are fabricated in this study using stop-flow lithography (SFL). The CAT and Au@P-ZnO NRs are sequentially released by modulating the composition ratios of acid-cleavable monomers in the precursor solution during the SFL. The sequential release by the Janus carriers significantly increased the intracellular ROS levels under hypoxia conditions upon ultrasound irradiation owing to the O2 supplied by the CAT. An in vivo study showed that a single intratumoral injection of Janus particles encapsulating the CAT and Au@P-ZnO NRs efficiently alleviated tumor hypoxia and substantially suppressed tumor growth. This study demonstrates that pH-responsive, O2-generating, and piezocatalytic Janus carriers have high potential for piezocatalytic therapy of hypoxic tumors and offers insights into using pH-responsive Janus carriers for efficient hypoxia-relieving piezocatalytic cancer therapy via the cascade of oxygenation and ROS generation.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 Wiley-VCH GmbH.

Keywords

  • hypoxia
  • Janus particles
  • piezocatalytic cancer therapy
  • stop-flow lithography
  • zinc oxide nanorods

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • General Chemistry
  • Biomaterials
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrochemistry

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