Packet Structure and Receiver Design for Low Latency Wireless Communications with Ultra-Short Packets

Byungju Lee, Sunho Park, David J. Love, Hyoungju Ji, Byonghyo Shim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

63 Citations (Scopus)


Fifth generation wireless standards require much lower latency than what current wireless systems can guarantee. The main challenge in fulfilling these requirements is the development of short packet transmission, in contrast to most of the current standards, which use a long data packet structure. Since the available training resources are limited by the packet size, reliable channel and interference covariance estimation with reduced training overhead are crucial to any system using short data packets. In this paper, we propose an efficient receiver that exploits useful information available in the data transmission period to enhance the reliability of the short packet transmission. In the proposed method, the receive filter (i.e., the sample covariance matrix) is estimated using the received samples from the data transmission without using an interference training period. A channel estimation algorithm to use the most reliable data symbols as virtual pilots is employed to improve quality of the channel estimate. Simulation results verify that the proposed receiver algorithms enhance the reception quality of the short packet transmission.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)796-807
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Communications
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Feb

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Manuscript received December 3, 2016; revised May 5, 2017 and August 4, 2017; accepted September 11, 2017. Date of publication September 21, 2017; date of current version February 14, 2018. This work was supported in part by the National Science Foundation (NSF) grant CNS1642982 and the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korean government (MSIP) (2014R1A5A1011478 and 2016K1A3A1A20006019). This paper was presented at the GLOBECOM, Washington, USA, December 4–8, 2016 [1]. The associate editor coordinating the review of this paper and approving it for publication was A. Tajer. (Corresponding author: Byonghyo Shim.) B. Lee and D. J. Love are with the School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 USA (e-mail:;

Publisher Copyright:
© 1972-2012 IEEE.


  • 5G wireless communications
  • Internet of Things
  • energy harvesting
  • low latency
  • short data packets
  • virtual pilots

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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