Optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) signals suffer from the nonlinear effects of an electric-to-optical modulator and fiber due to high peak to average power ratio (PAPR) characteristics. We propose a power-concentrated subcarrier method for use in OFDM systems to reduce PAPR of the OFDM signal without increasing system complexity or side information. The PAPR can be reduced by simply inserting a power-concentrated subcarrier (PCS) to replace the zero in the end of the signal spectrum at the zero padding stage. The simulation is performed with a conventional CO-OFDM transmission system with a PCS under dispersion and a nonlinear effective fiber to estimate PAPR using complementary cumulative distribution function (CCDF), error vector magnitude (EVM), and bit-error-rate (BER) characteristics. After a 2000-km transmission, the conventional CO-OFDM had an optimal fiber launch power of -6 dBm from the BER characteristics. In contrast, the proposed CO-OFDM with a PCS improves transmission performance in terms of log(BER) as much as -0.67 by an increased fiber launch power of -1 dBm with 60% concentrated-power of the PCS.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering