Parent-Adolescent Vocational Aspiration Congruence and its Relations with Academic Adjustment

Bora Lee, Hyung In Park, Soungjuu Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Adolescents’ own vocational aspirations and those of parents for their adolescent children play significant roles in adolescents’ development. The present study examined how the (in)congruence between adolescents’ vocational aspirations and their parents’ aspirations for them were associated with adolescents’ academic achievement and test anxiety. The study’s sample included 662 parent-adolescent pairs (adolescent Mage = 14.09), and the aspiration and adjustment data were collected at intervals 3 years apart. Using polynomial regression analyses and surface graphs, parent-child aspiration congruence was found to be significantly associated with later academic achievement and test anxiety, but incongruence did not show any significant relationship with either outcome. Such patterns were more prominent among boys (n = 306) than girls and among high socioeconomic status (SES) adolescents (n = 324) than among low SES adolescents. The findings suggest that academic adjustment is more predictable when there is parent-child congruence than when there is incongruence in aspirations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1374-1387
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Youth and Adolescence
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jul

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
B.L. conceived of the study, participated in its design and coordination, and drafted the manuscript; H.I.P. participated in the design, performed the statistical analysis, participated in interpretation of the data, and drafted the method and result sections of the manuscript; S.P. participated in coordination of the study and interpretation of the data, and helped drafting the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript. The datasets generated and/or analyzed during the current study are not publicly available but are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request. The original datasets are publicly available from the website of Korea Research Institute for Vocational Education and Training.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.


  • Academic adjustment
  • Aspiration
  • Parent-child (in)congruence
  • Polynomial regression
  • Systems theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)


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