Patterns of Focal Amyloid Deposition Using18F-Florbetaben PET in Patients with Cognitive Impairment

Sung Eun Chung, Hyung Ji Kim, Sungyang Jo, Sunju Lee, Yoojin Lee, Jee Hoon Roh, Jae Hong Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Accumulation of aggregated amyloid-β (Aβ) in the brain is considered the first pathological event within the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). It is difficult to accurately identify the initial brain regions of Aβ accumulation due to the time-lag between the start of the pathophysiology and symptom onset. However, focal regional amyloid uptake on amyloid PET scans may provide insights into this. Hence, we aimed to evaluate the topographic distribution of amyloid deposition in patients with cognitive impairment and to identify the starting order of amyloid accumulation in the brain using conditional probability. We enrolled 58 patients composed of 9 normal cognition (NC), 32 mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and 17 dementia showing focal regional amyloid deposition corresponding to a brain amyloid plaque load (BAPL) score of 2 among those who visited the Memory Clinic of Asan Medical Center and underwent an18F-florbetaben PET scan (March 2013 to April 2019). Regions of interest (ROI) included the frontal, parietal, lateral temporal, and occipital cortices, the posterior cingulate/precuneus, and the striatum. The most frequent occurrence of Aβ deposition was in the posterior cingulate/precuneus (n = 41, 68.3%). The second most frequent site was the lateral temporal cortex (n = 24, 40.0%), followed by the lateral parietal cortex (n = 21, 35.6%) and other lesions, such as the frontal and occipital cortices. The striatum was the least frequently affected. Our study found that the posterior cingulate/precuneus and the lateral temporal and parietal cortices may be the earliest areas to be affected by Aβ accumulation. Longitudinal follow-up of focal brain amyloid deposition may help elucidate the evolutionary pattern of Aβ accumulation in the brain of people with AD continuum.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1357
JournalDiagnostics
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jun

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Keywords

  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • amyloid beta 42
  • conditional probability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry

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