Pelvic Inflammatory Disease in Virgin Women With Tubo-ovarian Abscess: A Single-Center Experience and Literature Review

Hyun Woong Cho, Yu Jin Koo, Kyung Jin Min, Jin-Hwa Hong, Jae Kwan Lee

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    28 Citations (Scopus)


    Study Objective To evaluate the incidence of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in virgin women and investigate the clinical characteristics of the patients. Design Retrospective chart review and literature review. Setting Tertiary academic center. Participants Virgin women who were confirmed to have PID via surgery from 2002 to 2014. Interventions None. Main Outcome Measures The evaluation of medicosurgical history, clinical progress, surgical record, and pathologic reports. Results Of 122 patients diagnosed with PID via surgery, 5 women were virgins (4.1%). The median age was 21 years (range, 14-24 years), and all patients presented with abdominal pain. The median diameter of the pelvic abscess pocket on preoperative imaging was 4.5 cm (range, 2.6-15 cm). Only 1 case was preoperatively diagnosed as a tubo-ovarian abscess; the others were expected to be benign ovarian tumors, such as endometrioma and dermoid cysts. No possible source of infection was identified for any patient, except 1 who had a history of an appendectomy because of a ruptured appendix. The results of the histopathological analysis of the excisional biopsy performed during surgery in 4 cases were consistent with acute suppurative inflammation. After postoperative antibiotic use, the conditions of all patients stabilized, and they were discharged from the hospital on median postoperative day 9. Conclusion PID in virgin women is rare, but it should be considered in all women with abdominal pain, regardless of sexual history.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)203-208
    Number of pages6
    JournalJournal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2017 Apr 1


    • Nonsexually active
    • Pelvic inflammatory disease
    • Tubo-ovarian abscess
    • Virgin

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
    • Obstetrics and Gynaecology


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