Pem, a member of homeobox genes, is an oncofetal gene which is preferentially expressed in reproductive tissues and in multiple tumor cell lines. However, the function of Pem in tumor cell lines has not been elucidated. Herein we report that the ectopic expression of Pem in TC-1, a human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV-16) E7-expressing surrogate cervical tumor cell line, demonstrated a significant increase in extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) activity and multiple resistance to various apoptotic pressures from an E7-specific CD8+ T cell-mediated immune response and anticancer drug treatment. The observed resistance to apoptotic death of the Pem-over-expressing TC-1 tumor cells (TC-1/Pem) was associated with the down-regulation of a pro-apoptotic molecule, such as BIM, and up-regulation of an anti-apoptotic molecule, such as Bcl-2 protein, which mediated ERK activation. We also observed that the intratumoral injection of an ERK inhibitor enhanced the therapeutic efficacy of E7-specific CD8+ T cell adoptive transfer or anticancer drug treatment against the resistant TC-1/Pem tumor. This is the first evidence demonstrating an association between Pem and a signaling pathway, namely the ERK-mediated survival signal transduction pathway. Thus, our data indicate that activation of the ERK pathway represents a new mechanism of Pem-mediated multiple resistances and the present research will contribute to the development of a novel strategy in cancer therapy against Pem-over-expressing tumor cells.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by a Grant (A080816) from the Korea Health 21 R&D Project funded by Ministry of Health & Welfare.
- Cytotoxic T lymphocyte
- ERK pathway
- Immune resistance
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research