Performance characteristics of novel magnetic-field applied polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells under various operating conditions

Wooyeol Lee, Wonseok Yang, Yongchan Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) performance improvement of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) is investigated using a low magnetic field density. The transient performance of a PEMFC using a magnetic field (MF-PEMFC) was measured and analyzed by varying the cell temperature, voltage, relative humidity, and pre-humidification time. Based on the results, the mechanism of the performance improvement of MF-PEMFC was revealed, and a strategy to maximize its performance was proposed. Enhanced oxygen mobility by a magnetic field led to a higher ORR performance and membrane humidification was accelerated by the vigorous ORR. The performance improvement of MF-PEMFC was more substantial under unfavorable membrane humidification conditions such as high temperature and low operating voltage. The maximum performance improvement of MF-PEMFC compared to that of normal PEMFC was 8.6% at 40% relative humidity, 0.30 V voltage, and 80 ℃ cell temperature due to an enhanced self-humidification effect. In addition, the maximum performance improvement and stability of MF-PEMFC were obtained with the proper pre-humidification time. In conclusion, using a magnetic field can improve the performance and stability of PEMFCs under unfavorable operating conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number116013
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Sept 15

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by a National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korean Government (MSIT) (No. 2020R1A2C2008539 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier Ltd


  • Magnetic field
  • Oxygen reduction reaction
  • Polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell
  • Self-humidification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


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