The performance comparison of target localization for active sonar and effective fusion algorithms for target localization of multistatic sonar is investigated. Active sonar can be categorized into monostatic, bistatic, and multistatic, depending on the number of receiver elements. Target localization performance depends on the system configuration. The target localization performance of the monostatic, bistatic, and multistatic sonar systems is compared assuming that each element can receive both range and azimuth information of the target. In addition, we propose the weighted least square (WLS) algorithm, which incorporates judicial weighting to the conventional least square (LS) method, and an efficient sensor arrangement rule for target localization in the multistatic sonar system. The representative experimental results demonstrate that the target localization performance of multistatic sonar configuration is superior in terms of root-mean-square error (RMSE), to monostatic sonar and bistatic sonar by 35.98% and 37.45%, respectively, while the proposed WLS algorithm showed an improvement of 2.27% compared with the LS method.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems|
|Publication status||Published - 2008|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by the Underwater Acoustic Research Center (UARC).
- Sonar measurements
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Aerospace Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering