Perspective of Emergency Pediatric Nurses Triaging Pediatric Patients in the Emergency Department: A Phenomenographic Study

Ji Ae Yoon, Boo Hyo Park, Sung Ok Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: Triage, a process to determine illness severity, is implemented by emergency nurses to prioritize treatment and provide care for a maximum number of patients using limited resources. The competency of emergency nurses and a highly reliable triage are crucial for the provision of emergency care. Pediatric patients are different from adult patients in certain aspects, such as growth-phase characteristics, communication ability, and the onset of disease; these aspects often pose challenges during their primary triage. This study explored how emergency nurses triage pediatric patients using the Korean Triage and Acuity Scale. Methods: Eleven emergency nurses (N = 11) working in the pediatric emergency department of a university hospital in Seoul, South Korea, were recruited using purposive sampling methods. Phenomenography was used to investigate the strategies by which these nurses use the Korean Triage and Acuity Scale to triage pediatric patients. Results: The findings comprised 2 descriptive categories: 6 approaches on how to triage patients (categories of how) and 3 strategies (categories of what) used by pediatric emergency nurses to triage pediatric patients with the Korean Triage and Acuity Scale. Discussion: The experience and proficiency of emergency nurses are essential factors for the effective triage of pediatric patients. Our findings qualitatively elucidate different ways of understanding pediatric triage and indicate the need for pediatric triage education programs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)244-254
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Emergency Nursing
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Mar

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors thank the nurses of the emergency department at the Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea, for participating in this study.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Emergency Nurses Association


  • Emergency nursing
  • Phenomenography
  • Qualitative research
  • Triage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency


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